Market Vectors ETFs
Van Eck Funds
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The UBS Bloomberg Constant Maturity Commodity Index ("CMCI") diversifies across 28 commodity components and up to five maturities. The CMCI chooses between maturities of five “constant maturities”: three-month and six-month and one-, two- and three-year maturities for certain commodities. This can be done either selectively for individual commodities to diversify over time, or collectively for all those included in the index to diversify both across commodities and over time. In periods of persistent contango, this allows the index to place its exposure at more favorable (i.e., less sloping) sections of the futures curve and keep it there. This can prevent slippage into the steeper part of the curve, or the portion of the curve typically associated with higher roll losses.
“Hidden behind the scenes is a very serious supply response to low prices occurring across several industries and sectors, especially the energy and industrial mining sectors.”
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Portfolio Manager, Natural Resources Equity
"The majors are still stuck in the old model, trying to drill in deep water in megaprojects, which we are now finding out don't work and didn't work with oil at $100 a barrel. While the independent E&P companies are now showing that they can be successful, drill great wells, and grow with oil at $30 a barrel."
"Refiners differ quite a bit relative to many other sub-industries or other companies in the energy industry in that they are not entirely dependent on oil prices for their gains or losses."
Jan van Eck
We now firmly believe that oil is in a bottoming process and this is a good time for investors to either market-weight oil or tactically add to targeted oil exposure.
"There are three drivers of returns [for commodity investments]: the return on collateral or unused cash, the appreciation of the underlying commodities, and roll yield."
"Amongst the three drivers: commodity exposure, roll exposure, and collateral exposure, CMCAX does a great job of isolating commodity exposure. It does that through its constant maturity approach to reduce the roll risk, does not take collateral risk, and maintains a very short-term Treasury bill-holding which essentially eliminates collateral risk."
"Contango" refers to an upward sloping term structure, in which indices that hold front-month contracts will incur a cost each time contracts expire and must be rolled to more expensive, longer-dated contracts. As contracts move closer to expiration, their value converges with spot prices. So, “contango cost” usually is measured by the difference between spot prices and front-month futures.
"Backwardation" is the opposite of contango, and refers to a downward sloping term structure. Backwardation tends to occur in contracts and during periods when traders are concerned about scarcity of supplies. Thus, traders would rather have commodities in-hand now (spot) than in the future, and will pay for the privilege.
"Roll Yield" refers to the positive or negative contribution caused by rolling an expiring contract.
Unless otherwise stated, portfolio facts and statistics are shown for Class A shares; other classes may have different characteristics.
†NAV: Unless you are eligible for a waiver, the public offering price you pay when you buy Class A shares of the Fund is the Net Asset Value (NAV) of the shares plus an initial sales charge. The initial sales charge varies depending upon the size of your purchase. No sales charge is imposed where Class A shares are issued to you pursuant to the automatic investment of income dividends or capital gains distribution. It is the responsibility of the financial intermediary to ensure that the investor obtains the proper “breakpoint” discount. Class I and Class Y do not have an initial sales charge. See the prospectus for more information.
1Van Eck Absolute Return Advisers Corporation (the “Adviser”) has agreed to waive fees and/or pay Fund expenses to the extent necessary to prevent the operating expenses of the Fund (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, interest expense, trading
expenses, dividends and interest payments on securities sold short, taxes and extraordinary expenses) from exceeding 0.95% for Class A, 0.65% for Class I, and 0.70% for Class Y of the Fund’s average daily net assets per year until May 1, 2016. During such time, the
expense limitation is expected to continue until the Board of Trustees acts to discontinue all or a portion of such expense limitation.
2The Dow Jones-UBS Commodity Index (DJUBS) is composed of futures contracts on 20 physical commodities covering seven sectors, specifically energy, petroleum, precious metals, industrial metals, grains, livestock and softs. Energy exposure is limited to no more than 33%; the manager cannot invest above that level no matter how favorable the energy market. The S&P® 500 Index consists of 500 widely held common stocks covering industrial, utility, financial and transportation sectors. The S&P® Goldman Sachs Commodity Total Return Index (SPGSCITR) is a composite index of commodity sector returns, representing an unleveraged, long-only investment in commodity futures. The Barclays Capital Global Aggregate Bond Index is composed of the mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities and government/credit bonds. All indices are unmanaged and include the reinvestment of all dividends, but do not reflect the payment of transaction costs, advisory fees or expenses that are associated with an investment in the Fund. An index’s performance is not illustrative of the Fund’s performance. Indices are not securities in which investments can be made.
UBS and Bloomberg own or exclusively license, solely or jointly as agreed between them, all proprietary rights with respect to the Index. In no way do UBS or Bloomberg sponsor or endorse, nor are they otherwise involved in the issuance and offering of the Fund, nor do either of them make any representation or warranty, express or implied, to the holders of the Fund or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in the Fund or commodities generally or in futures particularly, or as to results to be obtained from the use of the Index or from the Fund.
The views and opinions expressed are those of Van Eck Global. Fund manager commentaries are general in nature and should not be construed as investment advice. Opinions are subject to change with market conditions. Any discussion of specific securities mentioned in the commentaries is neither an offer to sell nor a solicitation to buy these securities. Fund holdings will vary.
You can lose money by investing in the Fund. Any investment in the Fund should be part of an overall investment program, not a complete program. Commodities are assets that have tangible properties, such as oil, metals, and agriculture. Commodities and commodity-linked derivatives may be affected by overall market movements and other factors that affect the value of a particular industry or commodity, such as weather, disease, embargoes or political or regulatory developments. The value of a commodity-linked derivative is generally based on price movements of a commodity, a commodity futures contract, a commodity index or other economic variables based on the commodity markets. Derivatives use leverage, which may exaggerate a loss. The Fund is subject to the risks associated with its investments in commodity-linked derivatives, risks of investing in wholly owned subsidiary, risk of tracking error, risks of aggressive investment techniques, leverage risk, derivatives risks, counterparty risks, non-diversification risk, credit risk, concentration risk and market risk. The use of commodity-linked derivatives such as swaps, commodity-linked structured notes and futures entails substantial risks, including risk of loss of a significant portion of their principal value, lack of a secondary market, increased volatility, correlation risk, liquidity risk, interest-rate risk, market risk, credit risk, valuation risk and tax risk. Gains and losses from speculative positions in derivatives may be much greater than the derivative’s cost. At any time, the risk of loss of any individual security held by the Fund could be significantly higher than 50% of the security’s value. Investment in commodity markets may not be suitable for all investors. The Fund’s investment in commodity-linked derivative instruments may subject the Fund to greater volatility than investment in traditional securities. For a description of these and other risk considerations, please refer to the Fund’s prospectus, which should be read carefully before you invest. Again, the Fund offers investors exposure to the broad commodity markets, currently, by investing in commodity-linked swaps.
Investing involves risk, including possible loss of principal. An investor should consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of the investment company carefully before investing. The prospectus and summary prospectus contain this and other information. Please read them carefully before investing.
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