Video Viewpoint

Seasoned investment professionals, sector-dedicated analysts, and creative thinkers are at the heart of our business. Get their perspective on today's market climate.

All Videos

Video Transcript

Emerging Markets in Focus: Russia

Russian Sanctions

ERIC FINE: Russia and the sanctions on the Russian economy comprise the biggest risks facing the EM market, in my opinion, as well as the biggest risks facing broader markets. How do I draw this conclusion? Number one: the Russian economy entered the current crisis when it was already in bad shape. It was saddled with high inflation and low growth. It's very dependent on one product – gas – that is central to the economy. Russia went into the crisis in bad shape but the one good thing you could say about Russia at the time was that the balance of payments accounts were strong. There was a current account surplus and financing was fine, meaning dollars were generally going in. Now you can't say that with the sanctions in place. Russia has a hundred billion dollars of total debt – mostly corporate debt – coming due each year and only $500 billion in reserves that are likely to be used for other things. Consequently this is a very serious risk. The one good thing you could say about Russia’s economic situation no longer holds true; the balanced payments account has also been rendered vulnerable by these sanctions. With toothless sanctions, such as the ones we've had up until a couple weeks ago, Russia hasn’t been able to issue debt. Now, however, the sanctions are growing teeth.


Risk number two is that we have, from the beginning, failed to understand where this stops. Border-wise, there are no natural division lines inside Ukraine. Let's take it bigger. Whether it's Armenia, Latvia, Moldova, or even Hungary, if this crisis escalates, parallel crises could develop in a wider range of countries. Those are the two key risks that we see with respect to Russia.

Market Positioning

FINE: I think it's difficult for the market to position itself with respect to Russia. I think the market has generally found this challenging because Russia is a significant part of all indices. It’s a big part of the local currency bond index, a big part of the corporate dollar bond index, and it's a nontrivial part of the sovereign index. I think particularly for the huge funds, it's very challenging to respond in a way that is consistent with the fundamentals. To me, "consistent with the fundamentals" means “don't own it,” however, I think given the size of the indices, the size of Russia, and the size of some of these positions, the market is taking the stance of "underweight is a good answer for now."  That’s number one. Number two:  I think increasingly the market is coming on to the view that the trade doesn't make sense. This is certainly our view. We haven't had Russia exposure all year (in the funds that I manage) and our view on a trade has been that the upside-downside makes no sense. For example, Russian sovereign debt. You can get 250 basis points over treasuries for the sovereign right now and it has been selling off. The downside is that some of these bonds start trading a price basis. If you can't trade it, or if there are sanctions forcing, preventing, or reducing the risk of debt rollovers, you're in an environment in which the bonds trade on price downside. Let's use another example:  Gazprom.  Let's say it is 350 basis points over treasuries. You're risking 350 over and the bonds could drop 20 points this year. The upside is hard to justify. I think the market is struggling with its positioning because Gazprom had been viewed as a high-rated, low-risk name that should be in all your portfolios and now I think the market is slowly coming to the view that underweight is not the right stance given the risks and given what they mean for the upside-downside of the general Russia trade in bonds.

- - - - - - - - - -


The views and opinions expressed are those of the speaker and are current as of the video’s posting date. Video commentaries are general in nature and should not be construed as investment advice. Opinions are subject to change with market conditions. All performance information is historical and is not a guarantee of future results. For more information about Van Eck Funds, Market Vectors ETFs or fund performance, visit Any discussion of specific securities mentioned in the video commentaries is neither an offer to sell nor a solicitation to buy these securities. Fund holdings will vary. All indices mentioned are measures of common market sectors and performance. It is not possible to invest directly in an index. Information on holdings, performance and indices can be found at

You can lose money by investing in the Fund. Any investment in the Fund should be part of an overall investment program, not a complete program. The Fund is subject to risks associated with its investments in emerging markets securities. Investing in foreign denominated and/or domiciled securities may involve heightened risk due to currency fluctuations, and economic and political risks, which may be enhanced in emerging markets. As the Fund may invest in securities denominated in foreign currencies and some of the income received by the Fund will be in foreign currencies, changes in currency exchange rates may negatively impact the Fund’s return. Derivatives may involve certain costs and risks such as liquidity, interest rate, market, credit, management and the risk that a position could not be closed when most advantageous. The Fund may also be subject to credit risk, interest rate risk, sovereign debt risk, tax risk, non-diversification risk and risks associated with non-investment grade securities. Please see the prospectus and summary prospectus for information on these and other risk considerations.

Investing involves risk, including possible loss of principal. An investor should consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of the investment company carefully before investing. Bond and bond funds will decrease in value as interest rates rise. Please read the prospectus and summary prospectus carefully before investing.

No part of this material may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission of Van Eck Securities Corporation. © 2014 Van Eck Global.

Van Eck Securities Corporation, Distributor

335 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10017