• Natural Resources

    “Perfect Storm” Clouds Q3 but Sunnier Outlook Remains for Hard Assets

    Shawn Reynolds, Portfolio Manager
    October 23, 2018
     

    Market Review

    The third quarter was dominated by uncertainty surrounding U.S. trade policy and the potential impact trade restrictions might have on any type of sustained, future growth. While some fears were allayed following the resolution of the NAFTA dispute by quarter-end, escalating tensions between the U.S. and China remained at the core of the seemingly generalized bearish market sentiment for commodities. China consumes nearly half of the world’s base metals and any perceived economic slowdown there due to trade tariffs could project a negative short-term outlook for commodities.

    Base and industrial metals and, consequently, related mining companies, suffered the most from trade concerns. Many metals ended the second quarter with their prices close to near-term highs yet spent the next three months in a slow, steady decline following the announcement of further U.S./China trade restrictions. By end-September, aluminum, copper, zinc, and nickel had lost approximately 3%, 5%, 8.5%, and 15%, respectively, on the quarter, despite tightening fundamentals.

    While not hampered directly by trade issues, gold and gold equities suffered from weakness during the quarter due to both a strong U.S. dollar and thin trading in the gold commodity and gold equity markets. By midway through August, market action in gold was dominated by short sellers, resulting in a net speculative short position in physical gold for the first time since 2001. Combined with a U.S. dollar rally, this helped drive the price of the metal below its established near-term base of $1,200/oz and placed further pressure on gold mining shares already squeezed by plateauing margins.

    Within the energy sector, concerns around pipeline takeaway capacity in the Permian Basin of West Texas abated somewhat following the approved conversion of an existing major pipeline construction project from natural gas liquids to Permian-based crude oil transport to the Gulf of Mexico. In anticipation of this approval, U.S. shale operators and servicers in the region experienced modest recoveries in their share prices beginning in September. However, most investors still appear to be in somewhat of a “wait-and-see” mode, expressing at least some skepticism around the ability of these U.S. shale operators to grow near-term production at current expected rates while also generating highly touted earnings and cash flow growth.

    Grains (soybeans and corn in particular), too, continued to be hit hard by trade fears. However, as in the second quarter, better pricing in potash and urea helped agriculture equities relative to their corresponding commodities.

    Outlook

    In our opinion, this quarter was the peak of the proverbial “perfect storm” when it comes to underperformance in the hard assets space, and, in particular, with respects to several of our core holdings. Whether it be the concerns around a meaningful, trade-war-induced slowdown in global growth and associated metals weakness, lingering concerns about the impact of Permian takeaway capacity, or issues specifically related to resource nationalism or presumed dilutive acquisitions, the asset class and some of our holdings suffered. However, we believe the natural resource equity complex has transformed dramatically over the last several years and see the investment opportunity as historically attractive.

    In our view, the compelling investment thesis is bolstered by the three key points we have reiterated over the last several years:

    1. Dramatic under-representation and related under-valuation of resource equities relative to the broader market
    2. Strong evidence that the multi-year plunge of capital investment in new natural resources is impacting supply
    3. Broad and substantial improvements at the individual corporate level in terms of operating performance (growth and costs), capital efficiency (margins and returns), balance sheet (debt metrics), and returns of capital to shareholders (dividends and share repurchases).

    The harmonic convergence of all these factors appeared to have a nascent impact on equity market returns since the beginning of September and we believe this may continue into 2019 as the natural resources industry continues on its path of delivering historically strong operational and financial performance.

    Download Commentary PDF with Fund specific information and performance.

    For a complete listing of the holdings and performance, please visit VanEck Global Hard Assets Fund (GHAAX).