Emerging Markets Bonds
Chinese Bonds Offer Yield PickupFran Rodilosso, Head of Fixed Income ETF Portfolio Management, CFASeptember 29, 2020
Global bond investors have shown increasing appetite this year for Chinese bonds, particularly those denominated in local currency. They currently offer attractive yield advantage over U.S. and other developed markets bonds. Further, we believe the potential for currency appreciation, relative stability and diversification potential provide support for an allocation to Chinese domestic bonds within a global fixed income portfolio.
Currently, 10-year Chinese government bonds are yielding nearly 250 basis points above the 10-year U.S. Treasury, a differential that has increased sharply over the past two years.1 Local yields have increased over the past three months amid an impressive economic recovery and a muted monetary and fiscal policy response. However, the growing yield advantage has been driven primarily by the plunge in U.S. yields from over 3% to the current levels below 0.70%. This yield advantage is perhaps even more striking when considering China’s single-A credit rating and that it has the world’s second largest bond market behind only the U.S.
China Yield Pickup and FX Rate
Source: Bloomberg. Data as of 9/17/2020.
Beyond the attractive yield potential, the RMB has recently appreciated and provided additional return to investors, driven by some of the same factors behind the recent move in rates. Policymakers in China closely manage the currency’s value, which is one reason it has not historically experienced the same level of volatility of other emerging markets currencies. Further, there is a massive local investor base that can provide liquidity and funding, even in stressed periods. These attributes have made China local bonds a relatively more stable part of the emerging markets debt landscape.
With gradual inclusion in local bond indices continuing, including the ongoing addition to the J.P. Morgan GBI-EM suite of indices and recently announced inclusion in the FTSE World Government Bond Index, inflows from foreign investors are expected to continue and may reach $300 billion as passively managed funds adjust their allocations. This amount will likely be higher as actively managed portfolios also increase exposure. In addition to the yield advantage, currency appreciation potential and stability provided, we believe onshore bonds have also exhibited attractive diversification benefits. They have very low correlation to U.S. Treasuries and investment grade bonds, lower correlation to other emerging markets bonds (both local and hard currency) than U.S. high yield, and a lower correlation to U.S. equity than emerging markets bonds and U.S. high yield.2
1 Source: Bloomberg. Data as of 9/17/2020.
2 Source: Bloomberg. Data as of 8/31/2020. Based on 5-year monthly return correlation of the ChinaBond China High Quality Bond Index (China bonds), Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury Index (U.S. Treasuries), Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index (investment grade bonds), J.P. Morgan EMBI Global Diversified Index (hard currency emerging markets bonds), J.P. Morgan GBI-EM Global Diversified Index (local currency emerging markets bonds), ICE BofA US High Yield Index (U.S. high yield) and S&P 500 (U.S. equity).
Please note that Van Eck Associates Corporation serves as investment advisor to investment products that invest in the asset class(es) included herein.
J.P. Morgan GBI-EM Global Core Index tracks local currency denominated EM government debt.
FTSE World Government Bond Index tracks the performance of fixed-rate, local currency, investment-grade sovereign bonds.
ChinaBond China High Quality Bond Index comprised of fixed-rate, Renminbi-denominated bonds issued in the People's Republic of China by Chinese credit, governmental and quasi-governmental (e.g., policy banks) issuers.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury Index measures U.S. dollar-denominated, fixed-rate, nominal debt issued by the U.S. Treasury.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is a broad-based benchmark that measures the investment grade, U.S. dollar-denominated, fixed-rate taxable bond market. The index includes Treasuries, government-related and corporate securities, MBS (agency fixed-rate and hybrid ARM pass-throughs), ABS and CMBS (agency and non-agency).
J.P. Morgan EMBI Global Diversified Index is a market-capitalization weighted, total-return index tracking the traded market for U.S.-dollar-denominated Brady bonds, Eurobonds, traded loans, and local market debt instruments issued by sovereign and quasi-sovereign entities.
J.P. Morgan GBI-EM Global Diversified Index tracks emerging markets local government bonds that are accessible by most foreign investors. The weighting scheme provides additional diversification by more evenly distributing weights among the countries in the index. Countries are capped at 10%.
ICE BofA US High Yield Index tracks the performance of below-investment-grade U.S. dollar-denominated corporate bonds publicly issued in the U.S. domestic market.
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